All About Flour
What is flour? Why are there so many types? What makes them different? If you’ve ever read a baking recipe that called for bread flour, cake flour, or unbleached flour and wondered any of those questions, this is your chance to learn all about flour. First, you’ll note what you already know and what questions you have before diving into Flour 101. Then, you’ll have a chance to choose between learning about locally grown grain, freshly milled flour, or misleading labelling on “whole wheat” products.
Complete the Know and Want to Know portions of the chart on the fillable version of this lesson plan. List any facts you know about wheat, flour, and milling. Write down any questions you have in the center column.
Color in the Anatomy of a Wheat Kernel sheet and complete the blank fields using the information on the page.
There are many types of wheat. In this section, you’ll learn some of the different classifications and learn what they mean.
- Hard and soft are two different types of wheat. Hardness refers to how hard the grain is to mill. Hard wheats tend to have more protein and gluten. Soft wheats tend to have less protein and gluten.
- There are red and white wheat varieties. This refers to the color of the wheat kernel bran, which is the hard outer shell. Red wheats tend to be harder than white wheats.
- Wheat is also classified as either Winter wheat or Spring wheat. Winter wheat is planted in the fall and goes dormant over the winter before continuing to grow in the spring. Spring wheat is planted in the Spring. Winter varieties of wheat tend to be harder than spring varieties.
- Durum wheat is another type of wheat that is used primarily for making pasta rather than bread or pastry. Durum wheat is the hardest type of wheat. Semolina is a type of flour made from durum wheat that is ground more coarsely than most flour.
- Semolina can also refer to coarsely ground flour made from grains other than wheat.
Sort the following wheat varieties by hardness.
- Durum Wheat
- Hard Red Winter Wheat
- Soft White Wheat
Watch the following videos about milling and complete the structured notes. Milling is the process of grinding wheat kernels into flour. There are also processing steps that have to be completed before wheat can be milled.